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BS: How high can a brick building go?

GUEST,Dazbo 09 Nov 06 - 06:57 AM
catspaw49 09 Nov 06 - 08:02 AM
Bunnahabhain 09 Nov 06 - 08:22 AM
Deckman 09 Nov 06 - 08:27 AM
Becca72 09 Nov 06 - 08:36 AM
Rapparee 09 Nov 06 - 08:55 AM
MMario 09 Nov 06 - 08:59 AM
Dave Hanson 09 Nov 06 - 09:04 AM
Bill D 09 Nov 06 - 10:08 AM
Mooh 09 Nov 06 - 10:37 AM
Paul Burke 09 Nov 06 - 10:38 AM
Bunnahabhain 09 Nov 06 - 11:06 AM
bobad 09 Nov 06 - 11:08 AM
Bunnahabhain 09 Nov 06 - 12:14 PM
catspaw49 09 Nov 06 - 12:24 PM
Bunnahabhain 09 Nov 06 - 12:29 PM
catspaw49 09 Nov 06 - 12:30 PM
Peace 09 Nov 06 - 12:58 PM
NH Dave 09 Nov 06 - 01:09 PM
McGrath of Harlow 09 Nov 06 - 01:17 PM
Peace 09 Nov 06 - 01:28 PM
Rapparee 09 Nov 06 - 02:20 PM
Little Hawk 09 Nov 06 - 03:02 PM
Richard Bridge 09 Nov 06 - 05:11 PM
JohnInKansas 09 Nov 06 - 05:36 PM
Bert 09 Nov 06 - 08:06 PM
Donuel 09 Nov 06 - 08:23 PM
Bee-dubya-ell 09 Nov 06 - 08:29 PM
Deckman 09 Nov 06 - 08:29 PM
Rapparee 09 Nov 06 - 09:10 PM
*Laura* 09 Nov 06 - 09:24 PM
Rowan 10 Nov 06 - 12:42 AM
Peace 10 Nov 06 - 01:49 AM
Liz the Squeak 10 Nov 06 - 04:57 AM
gnu 10 Nov 06 - 07:30 AM
Bunnahabhain 10 Nov 06 - 08:33 AM
Rapparee 10 Nov 06 - 09:01 AM
Rapparee 10 Nov 06 - 09:09 AM
GUEST,Mr Red (with a minor fascination for Blue Br 10 Nov 06 - 10:24 AM
GUEST,Bruce Baillie 10 Nov 06 - 12:10 PM
Bee-dubya-ell 10 Nov 06 - 12:25 PM
Rapparee 10 Nov 06 - 07:34 PM
NH Dave 10 Nov 06 - 09:31 PM
Peace 10 Nov 06 - 09:36 PM
frogprince 10 Nov 06 - 09:41 PM
Rapparee 10 Nov 06 - 09:51 PM
Peace 10 Nov 06 - 09:52 PM
The Fooles Troupe 10 Nov 06 - 10:04 PM
Rapparee 10 Nov 06 - 10:08 PM
The Fooles Troupe 11 Nov 06 - 03:39 AM
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Subject: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: GUEST,Dazbo
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 06:57 AM

Been puzzling me for a while now but if you built a building out of normal bricks and mortar (where the bricks and mortar take the full weight of the building) how high could you build it before the bricks at the bottom can no longer take the weight? Which would give way first the bricks or the mortar?


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: catspaw49
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:02 AM

You really need to get out more. Go to the park and fly a kite. Sing a few tunes with friends. Good luck.

Spaw


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bunnahabhain
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:22 AM

Depends how you designed it. If you just built a pyramid, with very few internal spaces of any kind, then the highest you could go on Earth would be somewhere above 8 km above sea level, assuming you have the correct geology under you.

Mountains on earth tend to get no higher than 8 km, as higher than that makes them too heavy, and so they cause the whole crust of the earth in that area to sink. If you build just one isolated brick mountain, on a geologically stable area, you could probabaly get a lot higher, as the load causisng the crust to sink would be far smaller than with a whole chain of mountains.

Bricks Vs Motar. Depends on quality. If you use a good, high cement motar, with very cheap, soft bricks, or cheap, sandy motar with engineering bricks, you'll get obviously different results.

If I'm feeling up to it, and John in kansas doesn't do it first, I'll calculate how many bricks you could stack on top of each other before the bottom one crumbles. Not until after coffee though.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Deckman
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:27 AM

Actually, the answer is VERY simple: you can build a brick building ALL THE WAY FROM THE GROUND, TO THE VERY TOP! (these darn engineers ... always wanting to make things way too complicated). CHEERS, Bob


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Becca72
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:36 AM

Nice, Deckman, very nice LOL


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:55 AM

Well, probably higher than your head. You'd almost certainly need a ladder.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: MMario
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:59 AM

It really depends on how much explosive you use.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Dave Hanson
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 09:04 AM

There are no ladders long enough.

eric


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bill D
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 10:08 AM

There are bricks, and then there are BRICKS....some are cheap, some are well made. Makes a big difference.

"The compressive strength of bricks produced in the USA ranges from about 1000 lbf/in˛ to 15,000 lbf/in˛ (7 to 105 megapascals), varying according to the use to which the bricks are to be put."

see here

(The Chrysler building in New York is 1000+ feet, but one can debate HOW the brick is used & laid....)


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Mooh
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 10:37 AM

How much jet fuel do you have?

I like the kind of bricks they take out of the ground in the Bruce, huge squared blocks of "angelstone". I'd rather they didn't quarry them, but they sure would make a fortress of a home. Driving by the quarry I often have daydreamed of another stonehenge, pyramid, or amphitheatre. Generally I dislike tall buildings.

Peace, Mooh.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Paul Burke
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 10:38 AM

The real limit won't be the compression limit of the brick, but that any openings for doors and windows will tend to create sideways forces that could eventually put part of the structure into tension. When that happens, bricks and mortar are bad news.

There are some brick churches of cathedral size in central Europe.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bunnahabhain
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 11:06 AM

Using the range of values for the compressive strength and density of high quality brick masonry, the answers come out in a range between 4653 and 5273 meters. This is for a solid tower the same width up its entire height.

This seems about right. The instinct for 'is this answer in the right order of magnitude?' is very useful. There's a different between a wrong answer, and a plain silly one.

The Chrysler building is brick on a steel frame, Bill.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: bobad
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 11:08 AM

What would it be using Lego bricks?


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bunnahabhain
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 12:14 PM

Lego Bricks are ABS plastic.

ABS has a compressive strength of 65 MPa, density about 1020 Kgm^-3

Therefore, a uniform solid ABS tower comes out as 6495 meters.

Assuming lego bricks are equally strong in all directions, this should means one third of the materiel does not add to vertical strength (I think), so giving a lego height of 4326 M.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: catspaw49
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 12:24 PM

Uh, Bunny.......You need to get a kite and join Daz in the park. Relax.   Take a break. Eat some cashews.

Spaw


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bunnahabhain
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 12:29 PM

I'm stuck at the computer doing almost useful things, it's dark and wet out there and the kite doesn't work as well indoors, the infomation is easily and quickly to hand, and the calculations are trivial.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: catspaw49
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 12:30 PM

Okay then.....I forgive you. But try to pick one up for the weekend. The weather might improve(;<))

Spaw


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Peace
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 12:58 PM

"How high can a brick building go?"

Depends how much Semtex you use.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: NH Dave
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 01:09 PM

Don't forget that for buildings much over two stories high, you need to tie the opposite outside walls together with something, if outside buttresses are not going to be used. Many older buildings in the US have 1/2" rods extending from side to side of the buildings, threaded on the extreme ends, with a nut and large pressure plate, to tie the two sides of the building together. These ties are placed every 6 - 12 inches along the outside of the wide side of the building, and keep the weight of the bricks above from bowing the wall, and then collapsing the wall (outwaards)completely.

Dave


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 01:17 PM

There are some brick churches of cathedral size in central Europe.

I suspect that they'd probably be brick cladding on a structure made of stone or some kind of composite.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Peace
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 01:28 PM

"Many older buildings in the US have 1/2" rods extending from side to side of the buildings"

It's important during fire situations, too. Metals expand with heat, and walls beginning to bulge near the pressure plates are an indicator that there has been lots of heat inside the structure and the possibility of floor collapse inside. If that occurs, there may be wall collapse also.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 02:20 PM

Peace, if there's a fire I'm gonna let the pros deal with it. Well, a little one I'd try to put out, but anything of any size, nope!

My uncle was inside a burn when the floors collapsed. Fortunately he survived to tell the tale and father some of my cousins. Even better, nobody was even hurt on that fire!


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Little Hawk
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 03:02 PM

It can go as high as the top of the top floor.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Richard Bridge
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 05:11 PM

McGuinn and McGuire couldn't get much higher, in LA you know hwere it's at.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: JohnInKansas
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 05:36 PM

The need to tie the sides together is just part of the real limit on how high a brick (only) structure can go. Even though bricks are relatively "stiff," they still can be compressed by the weight of the layers above.

If they can be compressed, a brick column can bend due to very slight differences in compression on one side vs the opposite side.

If the restoring moment produced by the bending reaches the point where the restoring moment provided by the tensile properties of the structure increases less rapidly than the additional bending moment due gravity acting on the curvature of the structure, one has exceeded the column buckling length-to-cross-sectional-moment ratio, and the structure will fail.

Since brick structures have very low tensile strength, which is the property required for the "long side of the curvature," the actual limit for a straight-up brick structure is quite a bit lower than what's required to "crush the bricks."

It's necessary only to observe that nobody (usually) builds brick structures like smokestacks and such much beyond 80 to 120 feet tall to guess, with pretty good assurance, that anything much beyond that probably doesn't meet acceptable margins of safety using brick and mortar construction alone. Even at those heights, additional reinforcement usually is needed to safely hold things all together when the wind blows.

The widespread use of vaulting, buttresses (flying and otherwise) in large structures made of stone is a necessary thing. Quite a few of the old cathedrals took many years to build, and occasionally collapsed during their construction and had to be redesigned to add compensations for the limited properties of the materials used.

John


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bert
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:06 PM

It depends on how many bricks you've got.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Donuel
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:23 PM

If the base/foundation were the size of Texas, it could go purty durn high.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bee-dubya-ell
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:29 PM

Right, Bert. And it depends on whether you stack 'em this way "_ _ _ _ _" or this way "| | | | |"


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Deckman
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 08:29 PM

GEEZE LOUSE! Why don't you guys go read read a book ... or somthin'!

This thread kinda reminds me of a comment that a friend made to me 40 years ago: "Those damned civil engineers. They'll NEVER be happy until
they can place a marble on the ground in Chicago and it'll roll to California!" CHEERS, Bob


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 09:10 PM

You can get a pretty big pile of 'em as long as Officer Pupp don't ketch you.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: *Laura*
Date: 09 Nov 06 - 09:24 PM

Bert beat me to it......


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rowan
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 12:42 AM

JohninKansas usually has lucid and comprehensive explanations so I'm surprised he left out the (possible) effects of expansion of the mortar during the curing process. It's a very long time since I had the formulae and figures for such calculations but I seem to recall that this also imposed a limit on the overall length of a brick wall (of any height) without expansion joints in it. When I was at La Trobe Uni (Melbourne) the gossip was that the Admin building (I forget whose name it carried) had the longest brick wall with no expansion joints. Like many such boasts it was qualified with "in the sountern hemisphere" but it was a very long wall.

Cheers, Rowan


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Peace
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 01:49 AM

The answer? LEGOS.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Liz the Squeak
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 04:57 AM

Bunnybrain (can't be arsed to scroll up and find correct spelling) - re: Lego bricks - depends entirely on what state your feet are in when you stand on them.

When feet are encased in army boots, the bricks are pretty fragile but when barefooted, they take on an indestructable quality matched only by drunkards and Ethel Merman.

LTS


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: gnu
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 07:30 AM

GUEST,Dazbo 09 Nov 06 - 06:57 AM "Been puzzling me for a while now but if you built a building out of normal bricks and mortar (where the bricks and mortar take the full weight of the building) how high could you build it before the bricks at the bottom can no longer take the weight? Which would give way first the bricks or the mortar?"

IF the first question is, "How high can a brick wall be built before the bottom bricks can no longer take the weight?" (That is, considering only the weight of the wall itself - ignoring ALL other loads.), about 1200 feet for cheap (1000psi compressive strength) bricks.

Regarding the second question, the bricks.

Now, you can take into account many load and quality factors, some as discussed above, each reducing practical wall height accordingly. For instance, consider Liz's "drunkards" above. Clearly, if this wall was laid by the most famous mason of all, Tim Finnegan, and he had no fall protection as required by the safety authority having jurisdiction, the maximum wall height would be about eight feet.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bunnahabhain
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 08:33 AM

Of course, if you took those same bricks, and buid the same towers on Mars, where Gravity is about 38% of Earths, then a Brick tower could reach about 14 Km tall, assuming you had motar that would cure properly in the cold, expansion jointing, ans proper butresssing.

If you wanted to be silly, you then build this lot on top of the Martian Volcanoes, and you'd have an instant space port, as it would be above virtually all of the Martian atmosphere....


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:01 AM

Bunn, are you then advocating the use of brick spaceships? I've heard of, and even seen, brick shithouses and I would assume that some of those might possibly have achieved orbit if the users thereof provided the right fuel. But brick spaceships would open a whole new era in space travel.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:09 AM

Which reminds me of the sign the NPS had posted on the lighthouse at the Outer Banks before it was moved inland. It read, in part, "The lighthouse will be moved vertically." I asked a Ranger if they were going to use surplus rockets or missiles, but he ignored me.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: GUEST,Mr Red (with a minor fascination for Blue Br
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 10:24 AM

You don't hire buildings - you rent them (with that Semtext mentioned)

However if you higher them - that's another storey


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: GUEST,Bruce Baillie
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 12:10 PM

I seem to recall seeing a TV programme which stated that the Flatiron Building in New York was the tallest building built purely from brick with no steel frame, and has walls at the bottom nine feet thick.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Bee-dubya-ell
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 12:25 PM

Sorry, Bruce, but according to the Wikipedia article on the Flatiron Building (click):

Since it was one of the first buildings to use a steel skeleton, the building could be constructed to 285 feet, which would have been very difficult with other construction methods of that time.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 07:34 PM

The Cape Hatteras lighthouse, that was the one.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: NH Dave
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:31 PM

I suspect that the vertical move was mostly to allow the movers to get beams and dollies under the lighthouse so they could then move it horizontally.

Dave


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Peace
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:36 PM

Moving the CH lighthouse. Diary.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: frogprince
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:41 PM

You can theorize all you want with your godless secular speculation, but I'll guarantee you this; if you try to build it up to the heavens, God's gonna knock it down, and mix up all your languages so you can't try that again!


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:51 PM

Yeah, FP, that's what happened the last time I did something like that. And just getting lunch afterwards was a pain -- trying to order a hot dog took me over an hour.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Peace
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 09:52 PM

YEAH. You were in the lineup for the washroom. Sheesh!


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: The Fooles Troupe
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 10:04 PM

Fascinating what musos trying to avoid practice will come up with - you lot should see my 9 year old goddaughter during 'guitar practice' time... :-)


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: Rapparee
Date: 10 Nov 06 - 10:08 PM

I remember just trying to figger out which was the gents -- doors labeled "Femmes" "Fir" "Mna" "Hombres" "婦女" "люди" "homens" "άτομα" "Frauen" and more! Finally I just stood in the same line as Peace and hoped he knew what he was doing.


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Subject: RE: BS: How high can a brick building go?
From: The Fooles Troupe
Date: 11 Nov 06 - 03:39 AM

"if you try to build it up to the heavens, God's gonna knock it down"

So just how high would the Tower of BaBel have been - I suspect from the ancient time that it was probably built from mud brick, perhaps reinforced with straw... :-)


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