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BS: British Rule.The vote

Keith A of Hertford 08 Nov 02 - 02:54 PM
Dead Horse 08 Nov 02 - 02:56 PM
Bert 08 Nov 02 - 02:58 PM
Leadfingers 08 Nov 02 - 03:04 PM
GUEST 08 Nov 02 - 03:29 PM
McGrath of Harlow 08 Nov 02 - 04:05 PM
Murray MacLeod 08 Nov 02 - 05:32 PM
Gareth 08 Nov 02 - 06:20 PM
greg stephens 08 Nov 02 - 06:23 PM
CraigS 08 Nov 02 - 06:37 PM
Hrothgar 08 Nov 02 - 10:43 PM
Jim McLean 09 Nov 02 - 06:30 AM
alanabit 09 Nov 02 - 07:03 AM
GUEST 09 Nov 02 - 07:34 AM
GUEST 09 Nov 02 - 08:03 AM
vectis 09 Nov 02 - 07:51 PM
The Pooka 09 Nov 02 - 08:10 PM
GUEST 09 Nov 02 - 08:54 PM
GUEST,Tom Hamilton 10 Nov 02 - 07:24 PM
McGrath of Harlow 10 Nov 02 - 07:27 PM
Wolfgang 11 Nov 02 - 06:08 AM
GUEST,Keith A. 11 Nov 02 - 06:16 AM
Pied Piper 11 Nov 02 - 07:23 AM
Ted from Australia 11 Nov 02 - 07:33 AM
Pied Piper 11 Nov 02 - 07:52 AM
Ted from Australia 11 Nov 02 - 07:59 AM
Grab 11 Nov 02 - 08:14 AM
Steve Parkes 11 Nov 02 - 08:41 AM
McGrath of Harlow 11 Nov 02 - 09:40 AM
GUEST 11 Nov 02 - 09:45 AM
Pied Piper 11 Nov 02 - 11:11 AM
fogie 11 Nov 02 - 12:54 PM
The Pooka 11 Nov 02 - 01:41 PM
ard mhacha 11 Nov 02 - 03:51 PM
McGrath of Harlow 11 Nov 02 - 08:54 PM
Wolfgang 12 Nov 02 - 05:25 AM
ard mhacha 12 Nov 02 - 06:38 AM
Grab 12 Nov 02 - 07:42 AM
Bassic 12 Nov 02 - 07:45 AM
Wolfgang 12 Nov 02 - 08:06 AM
The Pooka 12 Nov 02 - 08:24 AM
McGrath of Harlow 12 Nov 02 - 09:35 AM
GUEST 12 Nov 02 - 10:42 AM
Terry K 12 Nov 02 - 12:57 PM
ard mhacha 12 Nov 02 - 01:12 PM
GUEST 12 Nov 02 - 01:17 PM
ard mhacha 12 Nov 02 - 01:19 PM
McGrath of Harlow 12 Nov 02 - 01:56 PM
Teribus 13 Nov 02 - 10:58 AM
Declan 13 Nov 02 - 11:40 AM
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Subject: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Keith A of Hertford
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 02:54 PM

Non Uk folks may not have heard of this.
300 years ago Gibralta was made by force of arms to become a British colony. The catholic population were subjugated to the crown. Remind you of anywhere else?
Recently, some moves have been made to partially restore sovereignty to Spain. The Gibraltarians, unhappy with the progress, organised a referendum.
The result was, out of a 90% turn out, 99% voted to remain under sole British rule.
See. Some people like us.
Keith.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Dead Horse
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 02:56 PM

I like us, too. (but aint too fond of dagoes)


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Bert
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 02:58 PM

With the results out for our latest election, it would be interesting to see a similar referendum here in The States *GRIN*


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Leadfingers
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 03:04 PM

I have always maintained that you can fool some of the people all of the time.....


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 03:29 PM

Fuck Spain....read this and remember the old saying "let he who is without sin cast the first stone"
How would the spanish people react if King Juan Carlos decided to honour the governor of Gibraltar, giving him a title or a medal?
How would the British have reacted if in the early eighties the Queen had decided bestow on the Argentinian occupiers of the Falklands a medal?
Exactly...
Then why has the Portuguese Republic, personified by the President himself, decided that it is a good idea to bestow the highest honour available to a foreigner, on the head of the Spanish political authority that illegaly occupies the Portuguese territory of Olivença?
This point does not revolve around our own personal opinions of this 200 year old dispute, the point is a simple one. Olivença is a touchy subject, officially neither state recognizes the other's claims over the land. Meanwhile Spain in disregard of Inernational law continues to occupy Olivença and ridicule portuguese claims, whilst in the same breath noisily complaining about Britains perfectly legal presence in Gibraltar, a territory many times smaller than Olivença.
The portuguese position is that Olivença is an integral part of Portugal, even if not much is done about it. The constitution, which the president is sworn to defend, states that Portugal is undividable and whole (our translation of the original "Uno e indivisível")
And so instead of defending our claim over Olivença, or safely pretending the problem does not exist, the President decides to honour the occupier... Could someone please explain this to us????

For more information about this and the historical background to the problem, please visit the following website
http://www.portugal-livre.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 04:05 PM

I've never understood why Gibraltar can't have the same independent status as Andorra up the North of Spain.

Alternatively, why can't the English hand over some unihabited chunk of the South Coast to Spain. They could even call it Gibraltar. (Gibraltar del Norte maybe, to avoid confusion.)

And then we could all be happy, and it'd be brilliant to have a Spanish town within easy reach of us in England without having to go overseas.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Murray MacLeod
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 05:32 PM

I second Kevin's motion. I had a Spanish town (Miami) within easy reach of me when I lived in Florida. It was indeed brilliant.

Nurray


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Gareth
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 06:20 PM

Yeaah - Good thinking !! Let the English hand over Bournemouth to the Dons - and let the Saxons keep Gibraltar.

Gareth


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: greg stephens
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 06:23 PM

How about that bit of Dorset the army have had for years?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: CraigS
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 06:37 PM

I would remind the Spanish that the English fought a war, which WE are told THEY started (although it may be open to dispute), in which the Spanish lost Gibraltar and almost every offshore island they had. The English gave all those popular holiday destinations back to Spain and only kept Gibraltar. If I were Tony Blair I'd ask for Majorca, Minorca and Ibiza to be returned to British rule on the grounds that the Brits outnumber the Spaniards there.

Seriously, though, nationalism and tribalism are the greatest problems in the world today. They cannot be abolished without one faction wanting to argue the toss as to who will have the biggest say in government.

As for the Malvenas, I would not entertain any claims unless Argentina cedes sovereignity to Spain and makes reparations to the descendants of all displaced aboriginal peoples.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Hrothgar
Date: 08 Nov 02 - 10:43 PM

Do the Gibraltarians like the British - or not like the Spanish?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Jim McLean
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 06:30 AM

A couple of Mudcatters have talked about England doing this or that. England lost its independence in 1707 and cannot do anything on its own. There has been no English army, navy or parliament since then. It's interesting that England actually lost her independence before America gained hers!
Jim McLean


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: alanabit
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 07:03 AM

Kevin, that was brilliant. It could give us a way of getting rid of Brighton perhaps - or maybe even the Isle of Wight.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 07:34 AM

We have an election saying here in the American colonies--"It's the economy, stupid".

Perhaps outcome in Gibraltar is less about a love of all things British, and more a referendum on which country has the better economy?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 08:03 AM

Keith--the "stupid" was not intended to refer to you--it really is a word used as part of the saying. Just wanted to clarify that.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: vectis
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 07:51 PM

WHAT DO YOU MEAN GET RID OF THE ISLE OF WIGHT????????

Since William the Bastard and his brigands took it over in 1066 its been living under English occupation. UDI for the Isle of Wight I say:-)

On the original point, Spain should hand over its 2 north African territories and hand 50% of mainland Spain back to the Moors if it wants to be taken seriously over regaining Gibralta.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: The Pooka
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 08:10 PM

Spot on, vectis! William, that brigand bastard. Up Free Wight! / & also right on, McG! I work in a nearby Spanish town, m'self. Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Senor Alcalde, Mayor Eddie Perez, is doing a muy bueno job, too. Last Tuesday the satisfied citizenry voted in referendum for municipal charter amendments to give him a "strong Mayor" form of city government. / & speaking of Hertford, Keith A: O so it's 90% & 99% wuzzit!! Baghdad election returns, bedad. Sounds fishy ter me. :)


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 09 Nov 02 - 08:54 PM

If you have ever tasted Spanish beer you would know why Gibraltar wants to stay British


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST,Tom Hamilton
Date: 10 Nov 02 - 07:24 PM

I agree with Jim McLean.

I thought that it was all about the Britsih Rule and Not the English, however That's what most English people call Britain anyway.

Tom


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 10 Nov 02 - 07:27 PM

Spanish beer? Some of it ain't at all bad.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Wolfgang
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 06:08 AM

I'm cynical, but I just knew when I read about the referendum that some Mudcatters who in other contexts would opt for self-determination wouldn't even mention that term now.

Wolfgang


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST,Keith A.
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 06:16 AM

Actually Wolfgang, no one has posted any suggestion that their vote should be disregarded, as the Spanish and British governments intend.
Hi Pooka from Hartford, the result is not only believable, but also totally predictable.
Keith.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Pied Piper
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 07:23 AM

So England lost its independence in 1707 did it?
Which bit of England?
The UK has for a long time been run by, and for the benefit of people in south east of England.
A recent pole asking the people of England if they wanted regional government returned results for most regions at roughly 70% for and 30% against, all except (surprise surprise) the southeast, which voted 70% against.
Nothing new here; the south east already has a regional government its called Westminster.
PP


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 07:33 AM

Why would a Pole be asking the English anything?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Pied Piper
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 07:52 AM

KO Ted.
My Dyslexia is showing
PP


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Ted from Australia
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 07:59 AM

Its KO


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Grab
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 08:14 AM

Slight problem with Britain "handing it back" - if the majority of the inhabitants don't want to be signed over to some other country, you can't make them. Self-determination is the word (or words ;-)

For the same reason, we can't just say, "Right, all you Northern Irish are now part of Eire, we don't want you in the UK any more" - there's a clear majority of ppl in NI who *do* want to stay part of the UK, so for better or worse it's staying in the UK.

The Gibraltarians don't want to be Spanish, they don't want to be some independent country, they want to stay part of the UK. Hrothgar, it's not that they *like* the British, it's that they consider themselves to *be* British. If that's inconvenient for the current government of the UK, then it's just tough on the government that they can't arbitrarily say "this or that group of ppl are no longer citizens of our country".

Graham.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Steve Parkes
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 08:41 AM

I think Spain should rename Ibiza "Aibiza": at least then the British (not the Gibs!) would be pronouncing it properly; it would be much easier than trying to get them to say "eeBEEtha".

Steve


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 09:40 AM

They never gave the people in Hong Kong that kind of choice. Or any other former colony.

Actually there is a distinction between "you aren't part of this country" and saying "you must be part of some other country". An independent Gibraltar (with its independence guaranteed) could do very well (and the same for Ceuta and Melilla). The Andorran option.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 09:45 AM

What Irish referendum has ever been held Grab? The unionist minority rules in the north. There was never a free All (island of) Ireland vote on whether or not they wanted to be part of the UK. The Brits kept the ports, heavy industry and shipbuilders of the north because they wanted to keep them. Now they haven't got the guts to say "we don't need it any more, here, have it back" to the rest of Ireland. Ian Paisley and his mates will lose their power base if the north joins the rest of Ireland so they claim they are "loyal to the crown" and the fighting goes on. At least the people of Gibralta get a say in the issue.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Pied Piper
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 11:11 AM

Equally if you asked all of us "Brits" whether we wanted Ulster to be part of the UK or not I think the answer would be a resounding no.
PP


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: fogie
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 12:54 PM

Someone explain to me what would change in the Gibs lifestyle if they became Spanish. Is it to do with taxation?, or different legal systems??


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: The Pooka
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 01:41 PM

Hi Keith A. KO then, good & well, eericho. Hartford accepts Hertford's certification of the Gibralterean results. / I'm envious. Last time we had a 90% turnout in my state of Connecticut was 1960. Seriously, it was. / Well, sure, our enthusiasm for our Massachusetts neighbor to the north, J.F. Kennedy, had something to do with that; and why not? ("You be sure to write down all those names, Seamus; this is America, and the O'Houlihans have as much right to vote as anyone else in this cemetery..." :)


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: ard mhacha
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 03:51 PM

Gib is a haven for so called, off -shore investment companies that specialise in conning old age pensioners in the UK, out of their life savings.
Just how many times this has happened is anybodys guess, is it possible that the inhabitants of Gibralter have been down the years, reaping the benefit of these con-men, seems likely.Ard Mhacha.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 11 Nov 02 - 08:54 PM

"...whether we wanted Ulster to be part of the UK..."

Pedant's corner: Ulster isn't part of the UK. Six of the nine counties in Ulster are.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Wolfgang
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 05:25 AM

Pedant's corner II: Look into a recent dictionary, McGrath, and you'll see that the word 'Ulster' has more than one meaning. Your pedantery only applies to one specific meaning which was clearly not meant in the context of that post.

Wolfgang


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: ard mhacha
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 06:38 AM

Just been reading that Gibralter also have the benefit of generous tax concessions that would certainly make that vote a foregone conclusion. Ard Mhacha.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Grab
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 07:42 AM

Hong Kong is a very different matter, McGrath. Hong Kong was only ever leased by the UK. Its lease ran out, and political changes meant that the lease could not be renewed so it reverted to the lender. By the same token, the US naval base at Guantanamo Bay is only leased from the Cuban government.

Graham.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Bassic
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 07:45 AM

I am trying to think of this with some kind of sence though I know very little about the Gibralter situation. Financially, I think it must be a fairly close call between independence (Andora) and remaining British. Certainly the former mainstay of the economy, the Naval base, is much less significant than it used to be and small "Tax Haven" economies seem to do well. Becoming part of Spain and freeing up border controls would inevitably improve the tourist situation and generate alot of income, I cannot therefore see a strong economic argument for such a pro British vote. So what is left? It must be either a cultural thing or a strong preference for the way life is run politically/legaly under the present arrangements. I can understand the cultural ties, it must be hard to see your cultural heritage put under threat, especially if you have identified with it strongly for generations, but also, this feeling of "difference" from Spain must have been reinforced hugely between the 1920`s and 1970`s when Spain was rulled by a Facist dictatorship under Franco. Isnt it therefore a job for Spain to win the hearts and minds of the Gibraltarians? I expect I am oversimplifying things hugely here and people could nit pick lots of holes in my arguments but I am no expert. I am just trying to understand the strength of feeling that was behind the vote. Any thoughts?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Wolfgang
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 08:06 AM

Language has not been mentioned yet as a reason for their preference.

Wolfgang


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: The Pooka
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 08:24 AM

Language, or syntax anyway, is a reason for my preference for following exchanges between Wolfgang & McGrath. Can we agree that six counties are under John Bull's Tyranny? Hm. No, didn't think so. Well how about Northeast Ulster? // I know: Give Gibralter Back To The Irish. W. & McG: "Back? BACK?" Well, yeah, good point; but Eire likes tax havens too, right? Shouldn't be only for poets. The Celtic Tiger tekkies could go & work on Gib. / Then, Spain could get the Falklands instead, provided the Sheep so vote (a minority will say Bah); Argentina could have Hartford, Connecticut (nobody else wants it); and Great Britain can have the State of Rhode Island. I'd like to get some civilized neighbors over here.

(OKOK, sorry. When the issues are too complex for my little brain I revert to mental anarchy. Back to the serious discussion.)


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 09:35 AM

Calling a section of Ulster by the name of the whole province isn't a casual matter of words having different definitions. "Ulster" used in this sense is sectarian. It has been used as a way of falsely implying that there are is a longstanding historical basis for the partition of Ireland, going back centuries.

I wasn't in any way suggesting that Pied Piper was using it for that reason. But think the use of the term in this way is better avoided. "Northern Ireland" is a neutral and generally accepted term for the territory involved (even though it's not strictly accurate geographically).

As for Hong Kong - as I understand it the lease was for New Territories, what you might call Greater Hong Kong. Hong Kong itself is much smaller, and that wasn't on lease.

Guantanamo seems a funny sort of lease - it can only be terminated if the US Government as well as the Cuban Government requests it, according to a treaty of 1934. Which essentially means it was annexed - except that pretending it hasn't been annexed gives the US Government a legal loophole for doing things there that would be illegal if it had been formally annexed.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 10:42 AM

It also gives the US government extralegal powers it does not have on it's own territory, which is why the Afghan POWs are being held there. It is a legal and diplomatic no man's land, until someone challenges the US in the World Court on it. I expect some legal body with international standing to do that eventually.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Terry K
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 12:57 PM

So if Gibraltar becomes Spanish, will they get better weather?

Someone asked when there was a referendum in Northern Ireland - there wasn't, but there was a plebiscite (which is a referendum that the authorities are allowed to ignore) in the 1970's and the vote to remain British was a massive majority.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: ard mhacha
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 01:12 PM

The "vote" in the 1970`s was a joke as the Catholic-Nationalists boycotted it. Ard Mhacha.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: GUEST
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 01:17 PM

Are we talking about the referendums associated with the GFA that were held in the Republic and in the north?


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: ard mhacha
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 01:19 PM

And the Nationalist vote in the last election amounted to 46%, that was the votes to Sein Fein and SDLP. Ard Mhacha.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: McGrath of Harlow
Date: 12 Nov 02 - 01:56 PM

The situation as regards Gibraltar actually does have parallels with Guantanamo Bay - especially if the occupation of the latter continues, and the naval base gradually becomes marginalised, surrounded by an American civilian city, which no doubt in any referendum would vote against being handed back to Cuba. (Incidentally, it's not "Guantanamo" - that's a city within Cuba proper. It's Guanatanamo Bay.)

Rectifying historical injustices has to have its limits. Gibraltar was unjustly seized and held, regardless of the wishes of the inhabitants at the time, and the same goes for the Falklands/Malvinas; but the same is true of the entire territory of the American continent, North, Central and South. The balance of justice has to be to respect the current wishes of the people, and in the case of the Gibraltarians, that is not to be absorbed into Spain.

Whether that implies a permanent right to be linked with the United Kingdom is another matter. They've never been offered the alternative of independence so far as I am aware. (And my suggestion that it be allowed to remain a British enclave, balanced by an equivalent Spanish enclave in England is actually genuine, though of course it won't happen, more's the pity.)


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Teribus
Date: 13 Nov 02 - 10:58 AM

Chronicle of the Falkland islands

1522, 1592
Argentine versions state that various Spanish and Portuguese seamen, and particularly Esteban Gómez of the Magellan expedition (in 1522) were the first to see the islands without giving concrete verifiable sources except their own, which are most likely revisionistic.

According the Encyclopedia Britannica (an American source probably leaning toward the English), the English navigator John Davis on the Desire (1592) may (note emphasis) have been the first person to sight the Falklands.

Given that both sides' claims are much debated and undocumented by the original sources, they should be taken with a grain of salt.


Circa 1600
The Dutchman Sebald de Weerdt makes the first undisputed sighting of the islands.

1690
The English captain John Strong heading a British expedition made the first recorded landing in the Falklands, in 1690. The British claim the islands for the crown and named the sound between the two main islands after Viscount Falkland, a British naval official. The name was later applied to the whole island group.

1764
French navigator Louis-Antoine de Bougainville founds the islands' first permanent settlement, on East Falkland.
During subsequent years, a French fishery is manned by people from St. Malo (hence "Iles Malouines" from which the Argentine name "Islas Malvinas" is derived).


1765
The British are the first to settle in the West Falkland island.

1767
The Spanish buy out the French settlement (Port Louis) in the East Falkland island. For Spain, this implies a French recognition of the Spanish rights to the land.

1770
A Spanish flotilla arrives at the islands asking the British to leave. When first asked to leave, the British officer in charge of the garrison, a Captain Hunt, replied:
``I have received your letters by the officer, acquainting me that these islands and coasts thereof belong to the King of Spain, your Master. In return I am to acquaint you that the said islands belong to his Brittanic Majesty, My Master, by right of discovery as well as settlement and that the subjects of no other power whatever can have any right to be settled in the said islands without leave from His Brittanic Majesty or taking oaths of allegiance and submitting themselves to His Majesty's Government as subjects of the Crown of Great Britain.''
This is the first documented sign we could find of the conflict between Britain and Spain regarding the Islands.

Shortly thereafter, the Spanish revisited with a much superior force ``convincing'' the British garrison to leave on 14th July 1770.

[Source: 'An account of of the last expedition to Port Egmont in the Falkland Islands' , by Bernard Penrose published in the Universal Magazine, April 1775.]


1771
The British outpost on West Falkland is restored after threat of war.

1774
The British withdraw from the island (for economic reasons according to British sources). Spain maintains the settlement on East Falkland (which it called Soledad Island) until 1811, when Spain is about to lose control of its colonies in America.

1816
Independent Argentina first appears on the historical scene.

1820
The Buenos Aires government, which had declared its independence from Spain in 1816, first proclaims its sovereignty over the Falklands.

1828
Argentine warlord (Caudillo), and later governor of Buenos Aires Juan Manuel de Rosas sent a governor, Mr. Vernet, together with a garrison and settlers for menial work to the islands. The first recorded Argentine settlement in the islands.

1831
The American warship USS Lexington destroys the Argentine settlement on East Falkland in reprisal for the arrest of three U.S. ships that had been hunting seals in the area.

1833
Afraid that the Americans seized the islands, the British remember the expedition of the 17th century, re-invade the islands, forcefully depose Vernet and send the Argentines back to the mainland albeit without having to fire a shot.

1885
A British community of some 1,800 people on the islands is self-supporting.

1892
Colonial status is granted to the Falklands.

1933 and on
According to David Rock: ``After the Roca-Runciman treaty [A bilateral trade agreement signed in 1933 between Britain and Argentina, benefiting Britain and exploiting Argentina's natural resources -- Ed.], a profusion of new nationalist writers and factions began to appear. For a time the nationalist movement was largely dominated by historians who sought to fuel the campaign against the British. These historical ``revisionists'' began to reexamine the 19th century and to catalogue Britain's imperialist encroachments: the british invasions of 1806-1807, Britain's role in the foundation of Uruguay in the late 1820s, its seizure of the Falkland Islands in 1833, the blockades under Rosas ... A cult now enveloped the figure of Juan Manuel de Rosas, who was depicted as a symbol of national resistance to foreign dominations [In fact, he was a strong handed dictator who killed countless opponents, benefited greatly from trade with Britain, sized 800,000 acres of estate land for himself only etc. -- Ed]... Propaganda of this kind made a deepening imprint on public opinion and helped sustain nationalist sentiments in the Army...''

1964
The islands' position was debated by the UN committee on de-colonization. Argentina based its claim to the Falklands on papal bulls of 1493 modified by the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), by which Spain and Portugal had divided the New World between themselves; on succession from Spain; on the islands' proximity to South America; and on the need to end a colonial situation. Britain based its claim on its "open, continuous, effective possession, occupation, and administration" of the islands since 1833 and its determination to grant the Falklanders self-determination as recognized in the United Nations Charter. Britain asserted that, far from ending a colonial situation, Argentine rule and control of the lives of the Falklanders against their will would, in fact, create one.

1965
The UN General Assembly approved a resolution inviting Britain and Argentina to hold discussions to find a peaceful solution to the dispute. These protracted discussions were still proceeding in February 1982 shortly before the Falkland war started.


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Subject: RE: BS: British Rule.The vote
From: Declan
Date: 13 Nov 02 - 11:40 AM

Silly Question - If there were alleged sightings in 1552 and 1592, how come Sebald de Weerdt's sighting is undisputed ?

To be pedantic the vote on the Good Friday Agreement was not strictly speaking an All-Ireland vote, because the questions asked North and South were very different. However both referenda endorsed the Good Friday Agreement which recognises the de facto constitutional position that Northern Ireland is (administered as) part of the United Kingdom.

And while we're on matters constitutional, the name of the 26 county country according to Bunreacht na hEireann (the Irish constitution) when speaking the English Language is Ireland. In the first official language the name of the country is Eire, but that's not the langauge spoken by most people around here. Ireland was declared a Republic in 1948/9 but its name didn't change. Republic of Ireland refers to its football (Soccer) team only.

The official name of the 6 county state is Northern Ireland. The reference to Ulster goes back to the day's when some people were hoping to keep all 9 counties in the UK, but that didn't happen. Neither did the boundary commission.


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