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DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill

DigiTrad:
JOE HILL
JOE HILL'S LAST WILL
SWEET BY AND BY
THE PREACHER AND THE SLAVE


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Joe Offer 27 Jul 02 - 01:38 PM
Joe Offer 27 Jul 02 - 01:44 PM
Oaklet 27 Jul 02 - 02:44 PM
Willa 27 Jul 02 - 03:41 PM
Willa 27 Jul 02 - 03:54 PM
Jon Bartlett 27 Jul 02 - 10:35 PM
Susanne (skw) 28 Jul 02 - 06:19 PM
Brian Hoskin 29 Jul 02 - 05:52 AM
GUEST,Ard Mhacha. 29 Jul 02 - 08:40 AM
Joe Offer 29 Jul 02 - 03:56 PM
Joe Offer 29 Jul 02 - 04:59 PM
Joe Offer 30 Jul 02 - 12:05 AM
Willa 30 Jul 02 - 05:10 PM
OldPossum 26 Sep 02 - 12:22 PM
Francy 26 Sep 02 - 02:56 PM
mack/misophist 27 Sep 02 - 05:25 AM
Joe Offer 25 Apr 20 - 10:41 PM
Joe Offer 26 Apr 20 - 01:05 AM
Jim Carroll 26 Apr 20 - 03:22 AM
GUEST,henryp 26 Apr 20 - 04:46 AM
GUEST,henryp 26 Apr 20 - 05:14 AM
GUEST,Gerry 26 Apr 20 - 09:07 AM
GUEST,Gerry 26 Apr 20 - 09:17 AM
GUEST,henryp 26 Apr 20 - 09:52 AM
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Subject: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Joe Offer
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 01:38 PM

This is an edited DTStudy thread, and all messages posted here are subject to editing and deletion.
This thread is intended to serve as a forum for corrections and annotations for the Digital Tradition song named in the title of this thread.

Search for other DTStudy threads


JOE HILL

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night,
Alive as you or me
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead,"
"I never died," says he
"I never died," says he

"In Salt Lake, Joe," says I to him,
Him satnding by my bed,
"They framed you on a murder charge,"
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead,"
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead."

"The copper bosses killed you, Joe,
They shot you, Joe," says I.
"Takes more than guns to kill a man,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die."

And standing there as big as life
And smiling with his eyes
Joe says, "What they forgot to kill
Went on to organize,
Went on to organize."

"Joe Hill ain't dead," he says to me,
"Joe Hill ain't never died.
Where working men are out on strike
Joe Hill is at their side,
Joe Hill is at their side."

"From San Diego up to Maine,
In every mine and mill,
Where workers strike and organize,"
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill,"
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill."

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night,
Alive as you or me
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead,"
"I never died," says he
"I never died," says he

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Music by Earl Robinson, copyright 1938 by Bob Miller, Inc.

Joe Hill, a great organizer and poet, was executed in 1915 on a
murder charge which union circles have always considered a frame-
up. This song, written in his memory, is one of the most moving
of all the labor songs.
Recorded by Paul Robeson, Baez- One Day at a Time
@union @work @IWW
filename[ JOEHILL
Tune file : JOEHILL

CLICK TO PLAY
DC




PLEASE NOTE: Because of the volunteer nature of The Digital Tradition, it is difficult to ensure proper attribution and copyright information for every song included. Please assume that any song which lists a composer is copyrighted ©. You MUST aquire proper license before using these songs for ANY commercial purpose. If you have any additional information or corrections to the credit or copyright information included, please e-mail those additions or corrections to us (along with the song title as indexed) so that we can update the database as soon as possible. Thank You.

Traditional Ballad Index Entry:


Joe Hill

DESCRIPTION: The singer "dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night, Alive as you and me." He points out that Hill is dead. Hill replies, "I never died." The singer describes the details of Hill's death; Hill answers, "What they forgot to kill Went on to organize."
AUTHOR: Words: Alfred Hayes/Music: Earl Robinson
EARLIEST DATE: 1938 (music copyright; the words are older)
KEYWORDS: death dream labor-movement lastwill
HISTORICAL REFERENCES:
1915 - Execution of Joe Hill on a faked murder charge. His only actual crime was being an effective supporter of unions
FOUND IN:
REFERENCES (2 citations):
Arnett, p. 175, "Joe Hill" (1 text, 1 tune)
DT, JOEHILL

RECORDINGS:
Pete Seeger, "Joe Hill" (on PeteSeeger39) (on PeteSeeger48)
Notes: Joe Hill was executed on a faked murder charge (his only actual crime was being an effective supporter of unions). The date is variously listed; Joe Hickerson reports November 18, 1915, while Greenway offers November 15, 1919. I have seen the 1915 date elsewhere, but I have not been able to verify it absolutely. - RBW
File: Arn175

Go to the Ballad Search form
Go to the Ballad Index Instructions

The Ballad Index Copyright 2002 by Robert B. Waltz and David G. Engle.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Joe Offer
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 01:44 PM

The Digital Tradition has a number of songs written by and about Joe Hill. Since these are "composed" songs, I think the discussion of them may be limited, and that it might be worthwhile to group all the Joe Hill Songs into one study. Feel free to use this thread also to post Joe Hill songs that are not in the DT.
I was working "Joe Hill" up for performance, and I noted a missing songwriter attribution. there were also a couple of discrepancies with the lyrics I found in other sources. I transcribed the following from The People's Songbook (People's Artists, New York, 1848 & 1956). The DT has one line that's substantially different, and I listed that line as an alternate.
-Joe Offer-

JOE HILL
(Alfred Hayes & Earl Robinson)

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night,
Alive as you and me
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead,"
"I never died," says he
"I never died," says he

"In Salt Lake, Joe, by God" says I,*
Him standing by my bed,
"They framed you on a murder charge,"
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead,"
Says Joe, "But I ain't dead."

"The copper bosses killed you, Joe,
They shot you, Joe," says I.
"Takes more than guns to kill a man,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die."

And standing there as big as life
And smiling with his eyes
Joe says, "What they forgot to kill
Went on to organize,
Went on to organize."

"Joe Hill ain't dead," he says to me,
"Joe Hill ain't never died.
Where workingmen are out on strike
Joe Hill is at their side,
Joe Hill is at their side."

"From San Diego up to Maine,
In every mine and mill,
Where workers strike and organize,"
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill,"
Says he, "You'll find Joe Hill."

I dreamed I saw Joe Hill last night,
Alive as you and me
Says I, "But Joe, you're ten years dead,"
"I never died," says he
"I never died," says he


*alternate: "In Salt Lake, Joe," says I to him,

Source: The People's Songbook (1948)
Words by Alfred Hayes
Music by Earl Robinson
copyright 1938 by Bob Miller, Inc.

Joe Hill, a great organizer and poet, was executed in 1915 on a murder charge which union circles have always considered a frame-up. This song, written in his memory, is one of the most moving of all the labor songs.
Recorded by Paul Robeson, Baez- One Day at a Time

@union @work @IWW
filename[ JOEHILL
Tune file : JOEHILL
DC

Is the tune in the DT accurate?

In Songs of Work and Protest (1960, 1973 - also known as Songs of Work and Freedow), Edith Fowke and Joe Glazer have lyrics identical to those shown above, including BOTH versions of the second verse. The Fowke-Glazer book has some fascinating background information.
"It was Joe Hill more than any other song-writer who made the Industrial Workers of the World a singing organization." That was the verdict of Ralph Chaplin, author of "Solidarity Forever" and a leading IWW poet and song-writer himself.

Who was this Joe Hill about whose death —and life— so many books, articles, songs, and poems have been written?

Joe Hill —born Joel Emmanuel Hagglund in Sweden— came to the United States in 1901 when he was nineteen. In 1910, he became an active member of the Wobblies on the West Coast when he was working in the port of San Pedro.

Joe had a poetic streak in him and liked to pick out tunes on the piano. His name became known among Wobblies and other trade unionists when he wrote "Casey Jones," "The Preacher and the Slave," and many other popular union songs. He sang his songs at union meetings, on street corners, and on picket lines, and they became so popular that the 1913 edition of the IWW’s famous "Little Red Song Book" contained no less than thirteen of them.

In January, 1914, Hill was arrested in Salt Lake City, Utah, on a murder charge. Despite the intervention of President Woodrow Wilson and the Swedish government, despite the condemnation of the trial as unfair by the American Federation of Labor, despite vigorous protests from public meetings throughout the country and as far away as Australia, Joe Hill was finally executed by a five-man firing squad on November 19, 1915.

The case of Joe Hill is still being debated. In their books, The Preacher and the Slave and American Folk Songs of Protest, Wallace Stegner and John Greenway present arguments to tear down the "myth" of Joe Hill as a great labor hero and martyr, implying that Hill was the kind of fellow who might have committed the murder with which he was charged. Further evidence for this point of view is presented by Professor Vernon Jensen of Cornell University in an article, "The Legend of Joe Hill," which appeared in the industrial & Labor Relations Review in April, 1951.

However, this theory is vigorously disputed by Barrie Stavis who presents a mass of documented evidence in his book, The Man Who Never Died, to show that Hill was innocent and that he was the victim of a frame-up because he was a militant trade unionist and a well-known Wobbly.

The day before Joe Hill was executed in Salt Lake City, he sent a wire to Wobbly leader Big Bill Haywood at IWW headquarters in Chicago. Hill’s words were to become famous: "Don’t waste time mourning. Organize."

Hill’s body was brought to Chicago where 30,000 sympathizers marched in one of the greatest funeral processions ever seen in that or any other city. Eulogies were delivered in nine languages. Then, in keeping with Joe’s wishes, his body was cremated. His ashes were placed in many small envelopes and scattered throughout the United States and in countries on every continent. But no ashes were dropped in the State of Utah because Joe "did not want to be found dead there."

The night before Joe Hill was shot, a speaker at a protest meeting in Salt Lake City cried: "Joe Hill will never die!" And in a way he never did die because he has become a symbol of the hundreds of men and women who have been killed while battling for labor’s rights.

Perhaps the most important factor in perpetuating his memory is this moving song which was written by Earl Robinson and Alfred Hayes some twenty years after his death.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Oaklet
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 02:44 PM

Sorry, Joe. That blasted hay has set me off again. Could have sworn if said "Songs of Joe in Hull". I'll get me coat and leave you to your thoughts.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Willa
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 03:41 PM

From "Songs of Struggle and Protest", ed. J McDonnell, Mercier Press
"Joe Hill,b Oct.7th 1879 in Graule, Sweden (Joel Hagglund). His memorial card read Murdered by the State of Utah, Nov. 19th, 1915
Joe Hill was written by Alfred Hayes in 1925 with music by Earl Robinson, on the 10th anniversary of Hill's judicial murder. 'Casey Jones, the Union Scab', a parody of another ballad of the same name, is the first known song by Joe Hill "
Comparison with your first version.
Omits verse 5, and has some slight changes
First and last verses as yours.

v2 "In Salt Lake City, Joe," says I
Him standing by my bed,
"They framed you on a murder charge,"
Says Joe, "I've not been dead,"
Says Joe, " I've not been dead,"

v3 "The copper bosses killed you, Joe,
They shot you, Joe," says I.
"Takes more than guns to kill a man,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die,"
Says Joe, "I didn't die."

v4 And there was Joe as big as life
And smiling with his eyes
Joe says, "What they could never kill
Went on to organize,
Went on to organize."

v5 "From San Diego up to Maine,
In every mine and mill,
Where workers strike and organize,
It's there you'll find Joe Hill,
It's there you'll find Joe Hill."


The book gives the Discography ref. Songs of Joe Hill, Joe Glazer, Folkways FA2039, and Bibliography ref. Stavis Barrie and Frank Harmon, The Songs of Joe Hill (Inc. Music) Oak Publications NY, 1960


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Willa
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 03:54 PM

The music was by Earl, not Carl Robinson, and the book I quoted gives the Discography ref. Songs of Joe Hill, Joe Glazer, Folkways FA2039, and Bibliography ref. Stavis Barrie and Frank Harmon, The Songs of Joe Hill (Inc. Music) Oak Publications NY, 1960


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Jon Bartlett
Date: 27 Jul 02 - 10:35 PM

Joyce L. Kornbluh in her Rebel Voices: An I.W.W. Anthology (Ann Arbor: U. of Michigan, 1964) prints a reproduction of the funeral program which gives the execution date as Nov 19, 1915.

Is this thread only about this song? Or is it a site for all Joe Hill's songs? I think I submitted a bunch to DT a few years back.
All songs by and about Joe Hill, Jon.
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Susanne (skw)
Date: 28 Jul 02 - 06:19 PM

Some more info - including the lyrics to 'Joe Hill's Will' (which may also be in the DT) - at MySongbook


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Brian Hoskin
Date: 29 Jul 02 - 05:52 AM

Lori Elaine Taylor (1993) has written an interesting essay on the song entitled 'Joe Hill Incorporated: We Own Our Past' in Green, A. (Ed.)(1993)Songs about Work: Essays in Occupational Culture pp. 23-36 Bloomington: Indiana University.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,Ard Mhacha.
Date: 29 Jul 02 - 08:40 AM

A great song, I have Paul Robeson,and Joan Baez singing it, and a very good rendering by Paddy Reilly. Ard Mhacha.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Joe Offer
Date: 29 Jul 02 - 03:56 PM

JOE HILL'S LAST WILL
by Joe Hill

My will is easy to decide
For I have nothing to divide
My kin don't need to weep and moan
Moss does not cling to a rolling stone

My body? oh, if I could choose
I would to ashes it reduce
And let the merry breezes blow
My dust to where some flowers grow

Perhaps some fading flower then
Would soon rise up and grow green again
This is my last and final will
Good luck to all of you,
                        Joe Hill

_____________
Joel Hagglund (Joseph Hillstrom, Joe Hill) emigrated from Sweden
to the US in 1902. He was executed in 1915. He was prominent in
the Wobblies.
@work @union @IWW
filename[ JOHIWILL
Tune file : JOHIWILL

CLICK TO PLAY
SOF



PLEASE NOTE: Because of the volunteer nature of The Digital Tradition, it is difficult to ensure proper attribution and copyright information for every song included. Please assume that any song which lists a composer is copyrighted ©. You MUST aquire proper license before using these songs for ANY commercial purpose. If you have any additional information or corrections to the credit or copyright information included, please e-mail those additions or corrections to us (along with the song title as indexed) so that we can update the database as soon as possible. Thank You.

Any corrections, notes?
-Joe Offer-


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Joe Offer
Date: 29 Jul 02 - 04:59 PM

Looks like the Digital Tradition has a number of songs written by Joe Hill. I see no need to post each song here. If anyone has these songs in a reliable printed source, please compare with what we have and post a message reporting if there are or are not discrepancies - also note that we need tunes for some of these songs.
-Joe Offer-
Art Thieme posted Joe Hill's "Rebel Girl" in this thread (click). Any other Joe Hill songs that have been posted? Anybody want to post more?


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Subject: Lyrics Correction: Casy Jones - Union Scab
From: Joe Offer
Date: 30 Jul 02 - 12:05 AM

I think I'd suggest just a slight correction in the DT lyrics for "Casey Jones - Union Scab." There's a word spelled wrong, and the first line of the last verse doesn't quite work in the DT version. My transcription is from Folk Songs of Work and Protest, by Edith Fowke and Joe Glazer.
-Joe Offer-
CASEY JONES - UNION SCAB
(Joe Hill)

The Workers on the S. P. line to strike sent out a call;
But Casey Jones, the engineer, he wouldn't strike at all;
His boiler it was leaking, and its drivers on the bum,
And his engine and its bearings, they were all out of plumb.

Casey Jones kept his junk pile running;
Casey Jones was working double time;
Casey Jones got a wooden medal,
For being good and faithful on the S.P. line.

The workers said to Casey: "Won't you help us win this strike ? " *
But Casey said: "Let me alone, you'd better take a hike."
Then Casey's wheezy engine ran right off the worn-out track,
And Casey hit the river with an awful crack.

Casey Jones hit the river bottom;
Casey Jones broke his blooming spine;
Casey Jones was an Angeleno,
He took a trip to heaven on the S. P. line.

When Casey Jones got up to heaven to the Pearly Gate,
He said: "I'm Casey Jones, the guy that pulled the S. P. freight."
"You're just the man," said Peter, "our musicians went on strike;
You can get a job a-scabbing any time you like."

Casey Jones got a job in heaven;
Casey Jones was doing mighty fine;
Casey Jones went scabbing on the angels,
Just like he did to workers on the S. P. line.

The angels got together and they said it wasn't fair
For Casey Jones to go around a-scabbing everywhere.
The Angels' Union No. 23 they sure were there,
And they promptly fired Casey down the Golden Stair.

Casey Jones went to Hell a-flying;
Casey Jones, the Devil said, "Oh fine;
Casey Jones, get busy shoveling sulfur
That's what you get for scabbing on the S.P. Line."

* alternate:
The workers said to Casey: "Won't you help us win this strike ?"
Casey said, "Let me alone, you'd better take a hike!"
Then someone put a bunch of railroad ties across the track,
And Casey hit the river with an awful smack.

@parody @union @train @work
IWW songbook 1912 edition
filename[ UNCASJON
Tune file : UNCASJON

CLICK TO PLAY
RG


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Willa
Date: 30 Jul 02 - 05:10 PM

Joe, The version I have(Songs of Struggle and Protest, J McDonnell) is the same as that in your post 12.05am
The only difference is in chorus 2, which is given as "Casey Jones *became* an Angeleno.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: OldPossum
Date: 26 Sep 02 - 12:22 PM

There are a couple of Joe Hill songs in this thread. The one called SHOULD I EVER BE A SOLDIER does not seem to be in the DigiTrad (at least not in the on-line version), despite the harvesting "birdie" (is that what you call the ^^ symbol?).
Yours,
OldPossum


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Francy
Date: 26 Sep 02 - 02:56 PM

I Have a copy of the book "Songs Of Joe Hill" words and music to 23 songs of his.....An Oak Publication edited by Barrie Stavis and Frank Harmon...If you need any of the songs let me know and I'll send them..First published ihn 1955 I think......Frank of Toledo


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: mack/misophist
Date: 27 Sep 02 - 05:25 AM

But where is Joe Hill today when we need him? Over the years management has co-opted and pre-empted the unions till now they are ghosts; ghosts who ask the boss when to say boo. It's called a management union and the hills are full of them.


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Subject: ADD: It's a Long Way Down to the Soupline
From: Joe Offer
Date: 25 Apr 20 - 10:41 PM

It's a Long Way Down to the Soupline
Lyrics: Joe Hill(1)

Music: to the tune of "It's a Long, Long Way to Tipperary"
Year: c.1915
Genre:
Country: USA


Bill Brown was just a working man Iike others of his kind.
He lost his job and tramped the streets when work was hard to find.
The landlord put him on the stem, the bankers kept his dough,
And Bill heard everybody sing, no matter where he'd go:

(CHORUS:)
It's a long way down to the soupline, it's a long way to go.
It's a long way down to the soupline, and the soup is thin I know.
Good bye, good old pork chops, farewell beefsteak rare;
It's a long way down to the soupline, but my soup is there.

So Bill and sixteen million men responded to the call
To force the hours of labor down and thus make jobs for all.
They picketed the industries and won the four-hour day
And organized a General Strike so men don't have to say:
This song was originally posted on protestsonglyrics.net
(CHORUS)

The workers own the factories now, where jobs were once destroyed
By big machines that filled the world with hungry unemployed.
They all own homes, they're living well, they're happy, free and strong,
But millionaires wear overalls and sing this little song:

(CHORUS)

Source: http://www.protestsonglyrics.net/Labor_Union_Songs/Long-Way-Down-Soupline.phtml


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Joe Offer
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 01:05 AM

To "Bronco Buster" Flynn
—————— ? ——————

Tune: "Yankee Doodle"

I

I got your picture Buster dear
A-riding on a pony
Your pony is a real one too.—
You wouldn't have a "phoney"

— Chorus —

Buster Flynn he sure is game
His eyes are full of luster,
I think we'd better change his name
And call him "Bronco Buster"

II

When you grow up to be a man
Be always "rough and ready"
But never brag about it though
Like windy "Bull moose Teddy"

III

And by and by you'll ride out West
Like Cow-boys that you've read off
But don't fall off your pony dear
And break your little head off.

From Your Friend Joe Hill.
With a Kind Greeting.

To Buster Flynn 511 E. 134th str. New York City N.Y.

https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:To_%22Bronco_Buster%22_Flynn_(song_by_Joe_Hill).jpg


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: Jim Carroll
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 03:22 AM

I have several books containing songs of this type, 'The I.W.W. Songbook' and 'Ballads of Sacco and Vanzetti' come immediately to mind, fascinating pieces of history

An interesting footnote to these is the Mongraph 'Shellback' written by Ewan MacColl
It is based on the interviews with Welsh merchant seaman who jumped ship in California in the Depression, joined the I.W.W. and travelled California with Helen Gurley Flynn and T. Bone Slim as a Union organiser
Ben was also a singer who gave songs to James Madison Carpenter - MacColl based one o his best compositions on Ben's reminiscences - 'Shellback' ( shellback is a sailor who has no permanent home on shore)
If anybody woud like a digitised copy of the monograph, please ask
Jim Carroll


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,henryp
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 04:46 AM

Joe Hill’s best known song is The Preacher and the Slave - a parody of the hymn Sweet By and By - with the chorus;

You will eat, by and by In that glorious land above the sky
Work and pray, live on hay You’ll get pie in the sky when you die.

Harry ‘Haywire Mac’ McClintock, another notable Wobbly composer, claimed to be the first person to sing it at a street meeting in Portland; it was an immediate success and the words appeared in the Little Red Songbook of 1911.

From popsike.com;
HAYWIRE MAC by Harry McClintock Folkways Records FD 5272 1972.
Recorded by Sam Eskin. With 4-page insert with descriptive notes.

Harry K. McClintock, better known as Haywire Mac, was a well-known busker often seen and heard in the hobo jungles, union halls, and wherever Wobblies had occasion to gather in their struggles. In the mid-1920s he was a radio entertainer and cut some phonograph records which are collector's items today.

Side One: Hoboes, Wobblies,and Muckers
HALLELUJAH, I'M A BUM; BIG ROCK CANDY MOUNTAIN; LONG HAIRED PREACHERS; CASEY JONES (I.W.W. VERSION); ANECDOTE ON JOE HILL; TALE: MARCUS DALY ENTERS HEAVEN;

Side Two: A Lifetime of Song
SUBIC; CASEY JONES (SAUNDER'S ORIGINAL VERSION); JORDAN AM A HARD ROAD TO TRAVEL; POOR BOY; PADDY CLANCY; UTAH CARL; UNCLE JIM'S 'REBEL SOLDIER'; ANECDOTE ON PETE WELLS, CANAL BOAT FIREMAN.

From Wikipedia;
"Big Rock Candy Mountain", first recorded by Harry McClintock in 1928, is a folk song about a hobo's idea of paradise, a modern version of the medieval concept of Cockaigne. It is a place where "hens lay soft boiled eggs" and there are "cigarette trees." McClintock claimed to have written the song in 1895, based on tales from his youth hoboing through the United States, but some believe that at least aspects of the song have existed for far longer. It is catalogued as Roud Folk Song Index No. 6696.

The song was first recorded by McClintock, also known by his "hobo" name of Haywire Mac. McClintock claimed credit for writing the song, though it was likely partially based on other ballads, including "An Invitation to Lubberland" and "The Appleknocker's Lament". Other popular itinerant songs of the day such as "Hobo's Paradise", "Hobo Heaven", "Sweet Potato Mountains" and "Little Streams of Whiskey" likely served as inspiration, as they mention concepts similar to those in "Big Rock Candy Mountain". Before recording the song, McClintock cleaned it up considerably from the version he sang as a street busker in the 1890s.

Folklorist John Greenway published the song in his American Folksongs of Protest (1953), redacting only the second to last line. Bowdlerized versions are included in Irwin Silber's Songs of the Great American West (1967) and Alan Lomax's The Penguin Book of American Folk Songs (1964).


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,henryp
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 05:14 AM

Phil Ochs included The Ballad of Joe Hill in his Songbook of 1964, writing,
“I'd like to dedicate this book to the memory of Joe Hill, the Wobbly songwriter who received his royalties in the form of bullets from a firing squad.”

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, a prominent IWW organiser, visited Joe Hill in gaol and inspired him to compose The Rebel Girl.

In the UK, Ray Hearne has written Calling Joe Hill, the song which John Wright chose to open his concerts with. And today there are certainly two folk singers who continue to carry their Wobbly cards.

These words come from a photograph on Wikipedia of the note written by Joe Hill the night before his execution in 1915. They are not quite the same as those in the DT version.

My Last Will

My will is easy to decide
For there is nothing to divide
My kin don't need to fuss and moan
"Moss does not cling to rolling stone"

My body? - Oh. - If I could choose
I would to ashes it reduce
And let the merry breezes blow
My dust to where some flowers grow

Perhaps some fading flower then
Would come to life and bloom again.
This is my Last and final Will.
Good Luck to All of you
Joe Hill

And here's a codicil of my own;

We watch as seasons come and go,
But hard times always stay, we know.
A century long now you’ve been gone;
Your song, Joe Hill, still carries on.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,Gerry
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 09:07 AM

The Phil Ochs song, Joe Hill, is on his album, Tape From California. Lyrics etc. from http://web.cecs.pdx.edu/~trent/ochs/lyrics/joe-hill.html

Joe Hill

By Phil Ochs


F            Fsus F    C    (open D string/then back on 2nd fret)
Joe Hill come over from Sweden shores
F                Fsus F C
Looking for some work to do
       F                C         Am
And the Statue of Liberty waved him by
   C             (Open D string/place finger on G st. 2nd fret/return)
As Joe come a sailing                               through, Joe Hill
   C          G7      C
As Joe come a sailing through.

Oh his clothes were coarse and his hopes were high
As he headed for the promised land
And it took a few weeks on the out-of-work streets
Before he began to understand
Before he began to understand

And Joe got hired by a bowery bar
sweeping up the saloon
As his rag would sail over the baroom rail
Sounded like he whistled on a tune
You could almost hear him whistling on a tune

And Joe rolled on from job to job
From the docks to the railroad line
And no matter how hungry the hand that wrote
In his letters he was always doing fine
In his letters he was always doing fine

Oh, the years went by like the sun goin' down
slowly turn the page
And when Joe looked back at the sweat upon his tracks
He had nothing to show but his age
He had nothing to show but his age

So he headed out for the California shore
There things were just as bad
So he joined the Industrial Workers of the World
'Cause, The union was the only friend he had
'Cause, The union was the only friend he had

Now the strikes were bloody and the strikes were black
as hard as they were long
In the dark of night Joe would stay awake and write
In the morning he would raise them with a song
In the morning he would raise them with a song

And he wrote his words to the tunes of the day
To be passed along the union vine
And the strikes were led and the songs were spread
And Joe Hill was always on the line
Yes Joe Hill was always on the line

Now in Salt Lake City a murder was made
There was hardly a clue to find
Oh, the proof was poor, but the sheriff was sure
Joe was the killer of the crime
That Joe was the killer of the crime

Joe raised his hands but they shot him down
he had nothing but guilt to give
It's a doctor I need and they left him to bleed
He made it 'cause he had the will to live
Yes, He made it 'cause he had the will to live

Then the trial was held in a building of wood
And there the killer would be named
And the days weighed more than the cold copper ore
Cause he feared that he was being framed
Cause he found out that he was being framed

Oh, strange are the ways of western law
Strange are the ways of fate
For the government crawled to the mine owner's call
That the judge was appointed by the state
Yes, The judge was appointed by the state

Oh, Utah justice can be had
But not for a union man
And Joe was warned by summer early morn
That there'd be one less singer in the land
There'd be one less singer in the land

Now William Spry was Governor Spry
And a life was his to hold
On the last appeal, fell a governor's tear
May the lord have mercy on your soul
May the lord have mercy on your soul

Even President Wilson held up the day
But even he would fail
For nobody heard the soul searching words
Of the soul in the Salt Lake City jail
Of the soul in the Salt Lake City jail

For 36 years he lived out his days
And he more than played his part
For his songs that he made, he was carefully paid
With a rifle bullet buried in his heart
With a rifle bullet buried in his heart

Yes, they lined Joe Hill up against the wall
Blindfold over his eyes
It's the life of a rebel that he chose to live
It's the death of a rebel that he died
It's the death of a rebel that he died

Now some say Joe was guilty as charged
And some say he wasn't even there
And I guess nobody will ever know
'Cause the court records all disappeared
'Cause the court records all disappeared

Say wherever you go in this fair land
In every union hall
In the dusty dark these words are marked
In between all the cracks upon the wall
In between all the cracks upon the wall

It's the very last line that Joe Will wrote
When he knew that his days were through
"Boys, this is my last and final will
Good luck to all of you
Good luck to all of you"
Notes:

Joe Hill was an IWW (a.k.a. wobblies) member who wrote "topical" songs, much as the above lyrics say. He was executed in Utah in 1915.

This song uses the same tune as Woody Guthrie's Tom Joad, which, in turn, came from an older song called John Hardy.

Chords supplied by James Barnett and updated by John Dachik, who said: ``This isn't exact, but you can play along with the recording pretty easy this way.'

Last modified 19 Jan 02 by trent


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,Gerry
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 09:17 AM

Ray Hearne's song, Calling Joe Hill, is on his CD, Broad Street Ballads. Lyrics are in the thread, https://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=73059 and, as noted there, also recorded by Roy Bailey on the CD New Directions in the Old.


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Subject: RE: DTStudy: Songs of Joe Hill
From: GUEST,henryp
Date: 26 Apr 20 - 09:52 AM

From Wikipedia: "There Is Power in a Union" is a song written by Joe Hill in 1913. The Industrial Workers of the World (commonly known as the Wobblies) concentrated much of its labor trying to organize migrant workers in lumber and construction camps. They sometimes had competition for the attention of the workers from religious organizations.

The song uses the tune of Lewis E. Jones' 1899 hymn "There Is Power in the Blood (Of the Lamb)". "There Is Power in a Union" was first published in the Little Red Songbook in 1913. Billy Bragg recorded a song with the title "There Is Power in a Union" on the Talking with the Taxman About Poetry album; this has different words and is set to the tune of "Battle Cry of Freedom".


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