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ADD: New Year Carol / Residue (trad/Waterson)

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SCARECROW


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GUEST,MAG 01 Jan 20 - 07:17 PM
RTim 01 Jan 20 - 10:37 PM
GUEST,HiLo 01 Jan 20 - 11:07 PM
Joe Offer 01 Jan 20 - 11:58 PM
GUEST,HILo 02 Jan 20 - 01:08 AM
GUEST 02 Jan 20 - 06:41 PM
GUEST,MAG 02 Jan 20 - 06:53 PM
Joe Offer 02 Jan 20 - 08:09 PM
Steve Gardham 03 Jan 20 - 05:02 PM
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Subject: Lyr Req: residu sing residu
From: GUEST,MAG
Date: 01 Jan 20 - 07:17 PM

Hi all, and i hope the noise didn't keep you awake until the small hours as it did me.

At a sing on Monday someone sang this gorgeous song and now i just have to learn it.
The singer said she thought it was Welsh. It is a New Year song.

MAG

p.s.: O haven't been gone; just only reading threads now and then


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu
From: RTim
Date: 01 Jan 20 - 10:37 PM

As by the Watersons.....

Waterson:Carthy sing Residue

Chorus (twice after each verse):
Residue sing Residue, the water and the wine,
Seven bright gold wires and the trumpets doth shine.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her toe;
Open the West gate and let the Old Year go.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her shoe;
Open the South gate and let the New Year through.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her chin;
Open the East gate and let the New Year in.

Here comes the maiden with gold in her eye;
Open the North gate and let the Old Year by.


Tim Radford


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu
From: GUEST,HiLo
Date: 01 Jan 20 - 11:07 PM

Tim, is this on a Waterson Carthy album ? If so, which one ?


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu
From: Joe Offer
Date: 01 Jan 20 - 11:58 PM

Here's a YouTube recording. Can you get it in your area, HiLo? The album is titled Holy Heathens and the Old Green Man.

Nice song. Guess I have another one to learn.

-Joe-


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu [Residue]
From: GUEST,HILo
Date: 02 Jan 20 - 01:08 AM

Thanks Joe , I will have to get the album, grand song!


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu [Residue]
From: GUEST
Date: 02 Jan 20 - 06:41 PM

many thanks all, including those who previously posted on this thread.

They say on the cd liner notes they added the north and south verses; i think i will skip these, as I like the west out, east in.
is Avalon-ish.

love and kisses to all.

MAG


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Subject: RE: Lyr Req: residu sing residu [Residue]
From: GUEST,MAG
Date: 02 Jan 20 - 06:53 PM

I see i have been booted off the list again, must be due to non-use.

I'll join again.

MAG

    If you have trouble logging in, email me. joe@mudcat.org


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Subject: ADD: New Year Carol / Residue
From: Joe Offer
Date: 02 Jan 20 - 08:09 PM

I can't find any listing for "Residue" in either Roud or the Traditional Ballad Index. Then I remembered that almost everything Waterson/Carthy is at Mainly Norfolk. I hope Reinhard Zierke doesn't mind my posting the information from his website.

New Year Carol / Residue

[trad. arr. Waterson:Carthy]

The New Year Carol was included by Walter de la Mare in his anthology of poems for children, Tom Tiddler's Ground (1931). In 1936, Benjamin Britten composed a tune for it. The “levy dew” in the chorus may be a corruption of either Old English levedy (“lady”) or French Levez à Dieu (“Raise to God”), used for the elevation of the host at communion. The latter also explains the water and the wine in the following words. The “seven bright gold wires” might be the strings of a golden harp.

Waverly Fitzgerald has another explanation in School of the Seasons: New Year's Carols:

Trefor Owen [Welsh Folk Customs, St. Fagans, 1974] describes the context for this song in Wales. Very early on New Year's Day about three or four o'clock in the morning, groups of boys came round to the houses in the neighborhood, carrying a vessel of cold spring water, freshly drawn, and twigs of box, holly, myrtle, rosemary or other evergreens. They sprinkled the hands and face of anyone they met for a copper or two. In every house, each room was sprinkled with New Year's water and the inmates, who were often still in bed, wished a Happy New Year. For this service and wish they were also gifted with coins. The doors of those houses which were closed to them were sprinkled with the water. The verse was sung during the sprinkling.

In certain parts of Wales this custom is called dwr newy (literally, new water). The exact meaning of the phrase, “levy dew” is unknown, although there have been attempts to trace it to llef I Dduw (Welsh for “cry of God”). This seems to be an imposition of a Christian interpretation on a much older custom. Although the fair maid is now equated with the Virgin, Owen thinks it likely that this custom derives from “an early well-cult made acceptable to medieval Christianity by its association with the Virgin and perpetuated both by the desire to wish one’s neighbor well at the beginning of a new year and by the small monetary payment involved.”

In 2006, Waterson:Carthy recorded the New Year Carol for their album Holy Heathens and the Old Green Man. Martin Carthy commented in the album's sleeve notes:

We all had a hand in the “B” music to the New Year carol Residue which opens this album: we also made extra verses for the North and South gates to go with the East and West gates already there and to have more to sing. Norma cannot remember who first handed her the song for the Watersons to sing but, because the letter accompanying the words is signed “from your favourite guitarist”, wonders whether it was an old family friend from the East Riding called Bert Hodgeson. None of us can figure out the possible significance of the “Residue sing Residue” chorus and neither could Bert—or whoever it was—but that was, he said, what was sung to him. (If it wasn't Bert, and the person who did the deed is reading this, then please reveal yourself.)

These things are driven, one way or another, by passion and two of its faces are on show. Residue can be seen as representative of one which drives ritual; where people perform old ceremonies simply because it is time to do so. These can be seen to be quite private moments for a community which, although there is a line which the outsider may not cross, the wider world is allowed to view and perhaps to share. The community may struggle to supply a meaning for a particular ceremony or make any sense at all of the routine of the thing but that does not matter. What matters is the moment: the reason is the moment. In the field of sacred music where indeed it is often at its most intense, nowhere is this passion seen to soar higher, or felt to flow more deeply than in the Baptist hymns of Sankey where Liza found the beautiful Gloryland which closes this CD.

Lyrics

New Year Carol from Tom Tiddler's Ground, ed. Walter de la Mare

Here we bring new water from the well so clear,
For to worship God with, this happy New Year.

Chorus (after each verse):
Sing levy-dew, sing levy-dew, the water and the wine,
The seven bright gold wires and the bugles that do shine.

Sing reign of Fair Maid, with gold upon her toe;
Open you the West Door and turn the Old Year go.

Sing reign of Fair Maid, with gold upon her chin;
Open you the East Door and let the New Year in.

Waterson:Carthy sing Residue

Chorus (twice after each verse):
Residue sing Residue, the water and the wine,
Seven bright gold wires and the trumpets doth shine.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her toe;
Open the West gate and let the Old Year go.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her shoe;
Open the South gate and let the New Year through.

Here comes the maiden with gold on her chin;
Open the East gate and let the New Year in.

Here comes the maiden with gold in her eye;
Open the North gate and let the Old Year by.


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Subject: RE: ADD: New Year Carol / Residue (trad/Waterson)
From: Steve Gardham
Date: 03 Jan 20 - 05:02 PM

New Year's Water given above is from 'Manners and Customs of the People of Tenby, 1858. In Tenby and elsewhere in South Wales children went round on New Year's morning with a bunch of evergreens and water drawn from a well, and sprinkled householders and everyone in each house, singing this song. The 'residue' of the Waterson version is a corruption of 'lavedi' (French for Our Lady, 'lever-Dieu'. Fair Maiden is Our Lady and the religious use of water and wine.)


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