Mudcat Café message #4002384 The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #166434   Message #4002384
Posted By: Iains
28-Jul-19 - 07:33 AM
Thread Name: Persians
Subject: RE: Persians
A well researched book-perhaps it is, perhaps it is not. The issue is the accuracy of the interpretations of the research within the book and the accuracy of the blogger trying to validate them. This is another issue entirely.
In a nutshell. Prior to the famine Iran was invaded on multiple fronts by multiple enemies. As a result of commandeering of both food and transport by invaders the indigenous population suffered. The death toll was heightened by a drought, causing bad harvests, and the spread of disease, The death toll was further exacerbated by the flu pandemic.
Singling out the British Empire as the sole cause betrays a singular lack of basic scholarship.
The occupation of north and south Iran by Russian and British troops prompted the Ottomans to invade western and north-western Iran early in the war. If we add to this list of adversities the subversion of German agents who were also active, especially in the south, we start to get a more complete picture of Iran’s position in the war.
n 30 October 1918, the Armistice of Mudros was concluded with the Ottoman Empire, and in Istanbul the cabinet of the Committee of Union and Progress resigned. Ahmed Izzet Pasha (1864-1937) formed his new cabinet, and called on all Ottoman troops to return home. Yet the departure of foreign troops from Iran – first the Russians, then the Ottomans – did not strengthen the Iranian government. The population was impoverished, the economy was ruined and almost bankrupt, and the treasury coffers were empty. Soon the government was besieged by centrifugal forces, because regional protest movements began to challenge the status quo. In the northern provinces of Azer­baijan, Gilan and Khorasan, there were reform-minded and revolutionary in­dividuals who believed that, if they could succeed in launching cam­paigns to initiate change in their own region, the same reforms would gradually spread through the rest of the country.
in this turbulent post-war era neither the national government nor foreign powers were in a position to do much to alleviate the human crises.
Beyond deaths from starvation, epidemics also killed many people. The colossal food crisis, plus large numbers of soldiers, refugees and destitute people constantly on the move in search of work and survival, facilitated a deadly combination of pandemics and contagious diseases.


Sadly starvation and disease are a frequent accompaniment to war, and embargoes add to the death toll.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operations_Manna_and_Chowhound
Famine and lack of a reliable food supply are threatening the lives of approximately 80 million people — more than half of them children — in South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen, and in nine additional countries across Africa and the Middle East and most of them are at war or have been recently.

and in these more enlightened times the death toll is more selective by imposing embargoes and sanctions.

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2000/mar/04/weekend7.weekend9
With the last link it is very very difficult to obtain accurate figures to either prove or disprove Pilgar's assertions (another view.)