Mudcat Café message #2080030 The Mudcat Café TM
Thread #71236   Message #2080030
Posted By: Azizi
18-Jun-07 - 12:29 PM
Thread Name: Lyr Req: Chewing Gum / Choo'n Gum / Bubble Gum
Subject: RE: Penny to buy chewing gum/Gershwin?
"However, from what I've been able to determine, "La Mattchiche" is a French song about a racy dance called "La Mattchiche" or "Maxixe", perhaps similar to the cancan"-Mark Cohne; 09 Jul 04 - 05:14 AM

Somewhat off topic, here's some information about the Maxixe:

"The maxixe (pron. IPA: [maˈʃiʃi]), occasionally known as the Brazilian tango, is a dance, with its accompanying music, that originated in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro in 1868, at about the same time as the tango was developing in neighbouring Argentina and Uruguay. It is an Afro-Brazilian dance developed by black slaves of Chopi blood from Maxixe, Mozambique.

Like the tango, the maxixe travelled to Europe and the United States in the early years of the twentieth century. The music was influenced by various other forms including the tango, lundu, polka and habanera, and is danced to a rapid 2/4 time.

The maxixe was one of the dances that contributed to the samba and lambada."


Also, here's an excerpt from what I consider to be an excellent online resource on the origin/history of Latin-American dances -though I don't agree with the authors' opinions on the etymology of the dance name Maxixe:

History Of Latin-American Dancing

"The Portuguese imported many slaves from Angola and Congo into Brazil in the 16th century, who in turn brought their dances such as the Caterete, the Embolada and the Batuque (Raffe, 1964, 313). These dances were considered sinful by the Europeans as they involved the touching of navels (Sadie, 1980, 10/47). The Embolada is about a cow with balls on its horns for safety, and became a term meaning 'foolish' (Michaelis, 1955, 281). The Batuque became so popular that Manuel I passed a law forbidding it (Raffe, 1964,60). It was described as a circle dance with steps like the Charleston done to hand clapping and percussion, and with a solo couple performing in the centre of the circle (Raffe, 1964, 60).

A composite dance evolved in the 1830's combining the plait figures from these Negro dances and the body rolls and sways of the indigenous Lundu (Behague, 1979,93). Later, carnival steps were added like the Copacabana (named after a popular beach near Rio de Janeiro). Gradually members of the high society in Rio embraced it, although they modified it to be done in closed ballroom dancing position (which they knew was the only correct way to dance anything) (Ellfeldt, 1974,77). The dance was then called the Zemba Queca, and was described in 1885 as "a graceful Brazilian dance" (Burchfield, 1976, III/1466). This was later called the 'Mesemba'. The origin of the name 'Samba' is unclear: perhaps it is a corruption of Semba, although another suggestion is that is derived from Zambo which means the offspring of a Negro man and a native woman (Taylor, 1958,648).

The dance was later combined with the Maxixe (Raffe, 1964,438). This was also originally Brazilian: a round dance described as like a Two Step (Burchfield, 1976, II/865), and named after the prickly fruit of a Cactus, although now the word is used in Portuguese to denote a gherkin.

The Maxixe dance was introduced into the U.S.A. at the turn of the 20th century (Stetson 1956,30). It became popular in Europe after a demonstration in Paris in the early twentieth century. It was described as having the steps of the Polka done to the music of the Cuban Habanera (Chicago, 1985, 7/968). The present day Samba still contains a step called the Maxixe, consisting of a chasse and point (Romain, 1982,19)".


Btw, I have started a thread on versions of the song/rhyme Bazooka Zooka Bubble Gum and included a link to this thread.