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Lighter Folklore: Hoosier- other names for locals of....? (10) RE: Folklore: Hoosier- other names for locals of....? 16 Sep 21

American (NYC) (Aug. 19, 1834):

"A writer in the Illinois Pioneer says; that, the following nick-names have been adopted to distinguish the citizens of the following states:-






Michigan, T[erritory]...Woolverines [sic].

The Yankees are called Eels."

Carlisle [Pa.] Weekly Herald (Nov. 11, 1835): "of Kentucky, Red Horses; of Tennessee, Mudheads; ...Virginians, Corn Crackers."

Northern Pennsylvanian (Carbondale) (Nov. 11, 1837): "...Yankees, Flat Heads, Wolfereens [sic], Buck Skins, Herring Bones."

Southern Patriot (Charleston) (July 31, 1843): "Arkansas, Tooth Pickers."

Guardian (London, Eng.) (Aug. 21, 1844): "Iowa, Hawk-eyes,...Wisconsin, Badgers."

Cecil Whig (Elkton, Md.) (June 14, 1845):

"Maine, Foxes; New Hampshire, Granite Boys; Massachusetts, Bay Staters; Vermont, Green Mountain Boys; Rhode Island, Gun Flints; Connecticut, Wooden Nutmegs; New York, Knickerbockers; New Jersey, Clam-catchers; Pennsylvania, Leatherheads; Delaware, Musk-rats; Maryland, Craw-thumpers; Virginia, Beagles; North Carlina, Tar Boilers; South Carolina, Weasels; Georgia, Buzzards; Louisiana, Cre-Owls; Alabama, Lizards; Kentucky, Corn-crackers; Tennessee, Cotton-manies [sic]; Ohio, Buckeyes; Indiana, Hoosiers; Illinois, Suckers; Missouri, Pewks; Mississippi, Tadpoles; Arkansas, Gophers; Michigan, Wolverines; Florida, Fly-up-the-Creeks; Wisconsin, Badgers; Iowa, Hawkeyes; N.W. Territory, Prairie Dogs; Oregon, Hard Cases."

North Carolina Argus (Apr. 30, 1863): We, as 'tar heels,' came into this work...asking no questions."

Stroudsburg [Pa.] Jeffersonian (Sept. 14, 1865): "...Delaware, Blue Hen's Chickens. ...Louisiana, Pelicans. ...California, Gold Hunters....Nevada, Sage Hens. Kansas, Jayhawkers. Minnesota, Gophers; Texas, Beef Heads. Nebraska, Bug Eaters."

Most of those are long obsolete and may never have been common. The following are still well known, but most often applied to state-university football teams and their fans:

Buckeyes, Hawkeyes, Jayhawks [sic], Tarheels, Hoosiers, Badgers, Wolverines.

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